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Electrical Safety for power generation utilities
 

Curriculum Vitae

Clayton C. King
Consulting Engineer & Director of Corporate Research   Testing, ESCI

Over 40 years of professional experience, encompassing laboratory testing of high voltage, high current, mechanical and temperature requirements of utility and other products including line apparatus, hardware and trucks. Also includes utility product design, application, fault analysis; accident investigation, reconstruction and depositions; author and lecturer for personal protective grounding practices to utilities and related organizations; active in national and international standards; circuit design, computer programming and general management experience.

Experience

2002 to present:
Electric Safety Consultants, Inc.; Bellingham, Washington

Responsibilities include training utility personnel in Personal Protective Grounding; safe work practices; electrical principals and OSHA regulations; and other engineering consulting activities. Forensic engineering services include accident investigations, accident reconstruction, site modeling and testing. Continued the previous activity in electric utility standards via membership in national and international standards organizations.

1971-2001: A. B. Chance Co./Hubbell Corp; Centralia, Missouri

Retired as Manager, Engineering Services following 30 years of responsibility for the company's research laboratories' daily activities; development of testing programs; testing of both utility and non-utility products for compliance with specified requirements; electrical certification of utility bucket trucks; modernized the research laboratory and achieved internationally recognized laboratory accreditation; overseeing all non-Chance contract test programs and providing analysis and expert witness during litigation activities of laboratory contract clients.

Laboratory capability included: up to 1 million volts A. C. and 2.5 million volt lightning impulse high voltage tests; 60,000 Amp withstand and interruption high current tests; tensile, cantilever and other mechanical tests and various environmental testing.

In addition to laboratory duties, held product responsibility for both the personal protective grounding and the electronic metering products used to maintain worker safety during power line maintenance during final 12 years. Duties included product design, customer inquiry responses; analysis and expert witness during litigation activities of A. B. Chance; author and lecturer on subjects of personal protective grounding and high voltage testing; active in national and international standards development and interpretation of standards related to electric utility products and other related management duties.

1967-1971: Rockwell Collins, Cedar Rapids, Iowa (Previously Collins Radio Company)

Test Engineer, with responsibilities for the design, development and implementation of test equipment used in the manufacturing of electronic and computer products, modification of manufacturing equipment circuitry and computer programming.

1965-1967: Boeing Company -- Aerospace Division, Huntsville, Alabama

Test Engineer, with responsibilities for dedicated computer development and data collection from tests on Saturn V rocket used in Apollo program, assisted in the development of instrumentation systems used in the Instrument Unit of the Saturn V rocket.

Military, 1957-1961: United States Navy

  • Trained in electronics and electronic and computer equipment maintenance, hydraulics and computer use for shipboard gun fire control.
  • Education

  • B.S.E.E., University of Missouri, 1963-1965
  • Graduate courses in engineering and management from the University of Missouri-Columbia and Iowa State University, 1968-1973
  • Undergraduate work in engineering and business at Drury College and Southwest Missouri State College (1955-57, 1961-63)
  • Current Professional Registration

  • Professional Engineer in the State of Missouri, issued in 1974
  • Society Memberships

    • National Academy of Forensic Engineers (NAFE), past member
    • National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE), past member
    • Missouri Society of Professional Engineers (MSPE), past member

    • Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
         - Senior Member & Life Member
         - Power Engineering Society of IEEE, member
         - Transmission and Distribution Committee (T&D)
              Distribution Automation, past member
              Faulted Circuit Indicators Taskforce, past member
              High Impedance Fault Detection Taskforce, past member

    • Electrical Safety and Maintenance of Lines Committee (ESMOL)
         - Administrative Subcommittee, member
         - Technical Subcommittee, chairman
         - Equipment and Tools Subcommittee, past chairman
         - Safety and Regulations Subcommittee, member and working groups developing guides and standards
               IEEE Guide for Maintenance Methods on Energized Power Lines Taskforce, chairman
               Underground Distribution Grounding Taskforce, member
               Vehicle Grounding Task Force, member
               Sizing of Protective Grounds Task Force, past member
               Approach Distances Taskforce, past member
               Personal Protective Gaps Taskforce, past member
         - Substations Subcommittee
               D4 - Substation Safety Working Group, past ,ember
               D7 - Substation Grounding Safety Working Group, past member
         - IEEE Engineering Management Society, past member
         - Power Systems Instrumentation and Measurements (PSIM) Committee
               High Voltage Testing Techniques Subcommittee, past secretary

    • National Electrical Manufacturer's Association (NEMA)
         - Laboratory Accreditation Committee, past member

    • American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM)
         - Electrical Protective Equipment for Workers Committee (F18), member
         - Insulating Cover-up Equipment Subcommittee (F18.45.25), member
               Member rubber insulating mats, blankets, covers, line hose working groups
         - Tools and Equipment Subcommittee (F18.35), member
               Telescoping hot sticks, clampsticks & arc suppression blankets, Working Group member
               In-Service Testing of Hot Line Tools Working Group member
         - Mechanical Apparatus Subcommittee (F18.45), chairman
               Specifications For Temporary Grounding Equipment Working Group, chairman
               By-pass Jumpers Taskforce, member
               By-pass Jumpers and In-Service Testing of Portable Protective Grounds Working Group member

    • International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Technical Committee Committee 78 (TC-78), Live Working (energized line maintenance activities)
         - U.S. National Committee representative to IEC TC-78
         - Chairman, Working Group 13 (WG-13) Protective Equipment, responsible for 13 IEC standards on worker protective equipment
         - Quality Assurance Plans Applicable To Tools, Devices and Equipment, (WG-11), past member
         - Diagnostic Equipment Working Group (WG-12), voltage detectors and instruments, Vice-chairman
         - Portable Equipment For Earthing Or Earthing and Short-Circuiting (IEC 61230), member
         - Requirements and Tests For Fittings For Overhead Lines Project, member

    Publications Authored

    • Personal Protective Grounding, Book published by A. B. Chance in 2008
    • National Joint Apprentice Training Committee (NJATC) Guide to Personal Protective Grounding Student Questions for use with previously published book.
    • NJATC'S Guide To Personal Protective Grounding for Worker Safety, Book; Copyright 2004 by National Joint Apprentice Training Committee,
    • Worker Safety During Various Maintenance Procedures Common to Underground Residential Distribution, IEEE Transmission & Distribution Conference, Dallas, TX September 10, 2003
    • Prevention of Potential Hazards In Underground System Maintenance, IEEE ESMO-2003 Conference, April 9, 2003
    • Technical Considerations In Protective Grounding and Jumpering, A. B. Chance Co. Bulletin 09-8001
    • Ground Clamps, Critical Safety Components, A. B. Chance Co. Bulletin 09-9501
    • Protective Jumpering, OSHA Speaks, A. B. Chance Co. Tips of the Trade Publication, 1995, Bulletin 09-9502
    • New Grounding Clamp Gets Into Tight Spots, NETA (National Electrical Testing Association), Summer Conference 1994
    • Why Proper Grounding Is Vital For Worker Safety, Electrical World Magazine, November 1990
    • Grounding Safety, A. B. Chance Co, Chance Tips, Volume 51, No. 3, December 1990

    Classroom Style Technical Presentations

    • International Transmission Co. (ITC), Personal Protective Grounding Courses (two 6-hr each); Detroit, MI, Dec. 2008
    • Rocky Mountain Power, Personal Protective Grounding Courses (five 8-hr each); Salt Lake City, UT, Dec. 2008
    • Hoosier Energy, Personal Protective Grounding Course & generating plant inspection (two 8-hr each); Terra Haute, IN, Aug. 2008
    • DuPont-Louisville Maintenance Facility, Personal Protective Grounding Course (8-Hr.); Louisville, KY, Aug. 2008
    • C&T Enterprises, Personal Protective Grounding Course (4-hr); Mansfield, PA, July 2008
    • Lineman's Testing Lab, Personal Protective Grounding Course (6-Hr.) hosted course for area linemen; Toronto, Canada, W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsored June 2008
    • Puerto Rico Electric Authority, Personal Protective Grounding Course (6-Hr.); San Juan, Puerto Rico, W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsored Nov. 2007
    • Hydaker-Wheatlake Co., Personal Protective Grounding Course (6-Hr.); Detroit, MI, W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsored Oct. 2007
    • Detroit Edison Electric, Personal Protective Grounding Course (6-Hr.); Detroit, MI, W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsored Aug. 2007
    • International Transmission Co. (ITC), Personal Protective Grounding Course (6-Hr.); Canton, MI, W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsored Aug. 2007
    • International Transmission Co., (ITC) Personal Protective Grounding Course (6-Hr.); Saginaw, MI, W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsored Aug. 2007
    • International Transmission Co. (ITC), Personal Protective Grounding Course (6-Hr.); Cadillac, MI, W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsored Aug. 2007
    • Colorado Springs Light & Power, Personal Protective Grounding course (6-Hr); Colorado Springs, CO, July 2007
    • International Transmission Co (ITC), Personal Protective Grounding Course(6-Hr.); Detroit, MI, W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsored July 2007
    • Lansing Power & Light, Personal Protective Grounding Course (6-Hr.); Lansing, MI, W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsored July 2007
    • National Joint Apprentice Training Committee (NJATC), Personal Protective Grounding Course (2-Day); Boston, MA, June 2007
    • Arkansas Electric, Personal Protective Grounding Course (1/2-Day); Texarkana, AK, W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsored Mar. 2007
    • National Joint Apprentice Training Committee (NJATC), Personal Protective Grounding Course (1-Day); Detroit, MI, Mar. 2007
    • Memphis Light, Water & Gas, Personal Protective Grounding Course (1/2-Day); Memphis, TN, W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsored Mar. 2007
    • Arkansas Electric Association, Personal Protective Grounding Course (1/2-Day); Little Rock, AK, W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsored Mar. 2007
    • Carroll Electric Cooperative, Personal Protective Grounding Course (1/2-Day); Berryville, AK, W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsored Feb. 2007
    • Carroll Electric Coop, Personal Protective Grounding Course (1/2-Day); Bentonville, AK, W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsored Feb. 2007
    • Entergy Corp., Personal Protective Grounding Course (1 day); Waterford 1 & 2 power plants combined, New Orleans, LA, Jan. 2007
    • Entergy Corp., Personal Protective Grounding Course (1 day); Nine Mile Point power plant, New Orleans, LA, Jan. 2007
    • Area Personal Protective Grounding Course (1/2-Day); Romulus, MI, W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsored Jan. 2007
    • Area Personal Protective Grounding Course (1/2-Day); Grand Rapids, MI, W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsored Jan. 2007
    • Arkansas Rural Electric Association, Personal Protective Grounding Course (6-hr.); Little Rock, AK, W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsored Oct. 2006
    • National Joint Apprentice Training Committee (NJATC), Personal Protective Grounding Course (2-Day); Sept. 2006
    • Area Personal Protective Grounding Course (1/2-Day); Longmont, CO, W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsored July 2006
    • Area Personal Protective Grounding Course(1/2-Day); Benton Harbor, MI, W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsored May 2006
    • Area Personal Protective Grounding Course.(6-hr); W.H. Salisbury Co. sponsered; Dallas, TX, May 2006
    • Hooper Corp, Personal Protective Grounding Course (1-Day); May 2006
    • South Dakota REA Cooperative Association, Personal Protective Grounding Seminar (2-Day); Mar. 2006
    • RMEL Safety Roundtable, Personal Protective Grounding Seminar (4-hr); Colorado Springs, CO, Feb. 2006
    • Hooper Corp., Personal Protective Grounding Course (1-Day); Madison, WI, Oct. 2005
    • New York Power Authority (Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped Storage Station), 2-day Personal Protective Grounding Seminar, Oct. 2005
    • National Joint Apprentice Training Committee (NJATC), 2-Day Personal Protective Grounding Course, Aug. 2005
    • National Joint Apprentice Training Committee (NJATC), 2-Day Personal Protective Grounding Course; Apr. 2005
    • New York Power Authority, 2-day Personal Protective Grounding Seminar; Utica, NY, Feb. 2005
    • Entergy Corp, 1-day Personal Protective Grounding Seminar, New Orleans, LA, Dec. 2004
    • New York Power Authority, 2-day Personal Protective Grounding Seminar, Massena, NY, Dec. 2004
    • National Joint Apprentice Training Committee (NJATC), 2-day Personal Protective Grounding Seminar, May 2004
    • National Joint Apprentice Training Committee (NJATC) 2-day Personal Protective Grounding Seminar, Feb. 2004
    • Seabrook Nuclear Power Station, 2-day Personal Protective Grounding Seminar, Dec. 2003
    • New England Electric Council, Grounding Seminar, May 2002
    • IBEW, NJATC, NECA and OSHA, Accident Avoidance - Grounding For Worker Safety, Washington D.C., July 2001
    • Northeast Utilities, 1/2-day Personal Protective Grounding; June 2001
    • ESMO-95 Conference, Protective Grounding Seminar
    • ALULMAX Corp., 1-day Protective Grounding Seminar; Memphis, TN, Oct. 1997
    • Allegheny Power Co., Protective Grounding Equipment and Use Theory Seminar; July 1997
    • IEEE T&D Exposition, Safety in Grounding Presentation, Apr. 1995
    • Nebraska Rural Electric Association Safety Directors Meeting, Personal Protective Grounding; Apr. 1993
    • Nebraska Rural Electric Association, Personal Protective Grounding; Oct. 1993
    • ESMO-1993 conference, IEEE Guide P524A, Grounding During the Installation of Overhead Transmission Line Conductors
    • Montana Electric Cooperatives Association, Safe Grounding Methods Seminar; Great Falls, Mont., Oct. 1992
    • Northeast Missouri Electric Power Cooperative, Personal Grounding Practices, Apr. 1992
    • Missouri Valley Electric Association 63rd Annual Engineering Conference, Grounding of High Voltage Lines and Equipment
    • Aluminum Company of America 1992 Power & Conversion Engineering and Maintenance Conference, Worker Safety Through Grounding; Apr. 1992
    • American Public Power Association, Equipotential (Single Point) Grounding; Mar. 1992
    • National Utility Training & Safety Education Association, Personal Protective Grounding; Sep. 1991
    • Union Electric Company, Equipotential (Single Point) Grounding; Feb. 1989
    • Edison Electric Institute's 127th Safety & Industrial Health Committee Meeting, Equipotential (Single Point) Grounding; May 1989
    • Pacific Power & Light Company, Grounding Analysis; Aug.1985
    • IEEE ESMOL Panel, Alternate Grounding Methods; Tampa, FL, June 2007
    • Pacific Power & Light Company, Grounding For Safety Discussions; Aug. 1985
    • Houston Lighting & Power, Equipotential (Single Point) Grounding; Oct. 1985
    • Quad State Instructors Spring Meeting, Protective Grounding Procedures; June 1984
    • Edison Electric Institute Safety & Industrial Health Committee, Vehicle Grounding; May 1984
    • City of Calgary Electric System, Equipotential (Single Point) Grounding; Apr. 1984
    • Edison Electric Institute, Vehicle Grounding; March 1984
    • Mississippi Power Company, Equipotential (Single Point) Grounding; Mar. 1984
    • Utah Power & Light, Equipotential (Single Point) Grounding; Jan. 1984
    • Montana Power, Single Point Grounding; January 1984
    • International Association of Electrical Inspectors 50th Annual Missouri-Kansas Chapter of the IAEI, Protection Grounding; Mar. 1983
    • Colorado Rural Electric Association Operations Meeting, Safety Grounding & Jumpering; Apr. 1982
    • Minnesota Power & Light Company, Not Grounded, Not Dead; Dec. 1981
    • State of Washington Department of Labor and Industries 1980 Safety Seminar, Grounding; Sept. 1980
    • Portland General Electric Company, Grounding; Sept.1980
    • Pacific Power & Light Company, Grounding; Sept. 1980
    • Bonneville Power Administration, Grounding; Sept. 1980
    • Portland General Electric Company, Grounding; Jan. 1980
    • Utility Design & Appearance Committee Fall Meeting, Grounding; Sept. 1979
    • Association of Missouri Electric Cooperatives, Safety Grounding; Oct. 1979
    • DuPont, Grounding Inspection, Analysis and Recommendations; Apr. 1979
    • Quad-States Safety Instructors Meeting, Grounding and Jumpering; Jan. 1979
    • Electrical Facilities Department Chevrolet Motors Division, Industrial Grounding; Apr. 1979
    • 66th National Safety (Council) Congress and Exposition, Grounding For Safety; Oct. 1978
    • Edison Electric Institute, Grounding and Jumpering; Oct. 1978
    • 106th Meeting of Safety and Industrial Health Committee, Grounding and Jumpering; Oct. 1978
    • 2nd through 15th Annual Power Apparatus Testing Techniques Course, A. B. Chance Co and Univ. of MO-Rolla; Centralia, MO (1972 through 1985, 14 years)

    Technical Panel Presentations

    • IEEE T&D Exposition, Conflict Between IEEE 386 and ASTM F855, Oct. 2001
    • ESMO-95 conference, Personal Protective Grounding Panel, Nov. 1995
    • Edison Electric Institute 117th Meeting of Safety and Industrial Health Committee Debate on Grounding Lines and Vehicles vs. Isolate and Barricade, May 1984
    • Edison Electric Institute Transmission & Distribution Committee, Line and Equipment Grounding Methods, May 1981

    Forensic Engineering & Court Cases

    • Oregon Department of Forestry examined cable allegedly involved with a forest fire and rendered opinion as to cause of fire and damage. Oct. 2007
    • OSHA vs. Pike Electric civil suit alleging company negligence and improper work procedures. Appeared as expert witness for OSHA during trial, June-Aug 2006
    • Spears v. Terex civil suit by Sam Houston Electric employee injured using Telelect truck. Constructed test line for accident reconstruction and testing for defense, July 2004
    • Bolton vs. Hipotronics (A Hubbell Co.) Case CV-2003-5211-PI, Filed in District Court of the 6th Judicial District, State of Idaho, in County of Bannock. A civil suit by injured transformer factory employee. provided technical input and assistance to defense attorney as consultant, during depositions; Boise, Idaho, July 2004
    • Martinez et al v Duke Energy et al, Filed in US District Court of South Carolina, Greenville Division, consultant for attorneys representing defendant Anthony Crane Rental, reviewed depositions, photos and provided opinion on cause, Aug. 2003. Case settled.
    • Everts v Altec Industries et al, civil case filed by Everts estate, reviewed summons and complaint, OSHA investigation file, photographs, Niagara Mohawk Accident Prevention Rules, and accident reconstruction video. As consultant, provided opinion on issues and cause. Mar. 2003
    • San Diego Gas & Electric, civil suit by water company employee of alleged electrocution. As consultant, constructed test site for high current accident simulation and testing, case dropped following presentation of test results; Centralia, MO Jan.-Mar. 2002
    • San Diego Gas & Electric, as consultant, built test site for high current underground distribution safety research program; Centralia, MO, January-Mar. 2002
    • Tabak v. Nevada Power Co., Filed District Court Clark County, Nevada, Case No. A389484. (Accident occurred June 12, 1997). As consultant, provided accident analysis. January-March 2002
    • Penny Blanchard v. A. B. Chance Co.; Filed 01/28/98 in U.S. District Court, Middle District Louisiana, Civil Case No. 908-18-A-M1. Alleged part failure investigation & deposition. Aug. 1999
    • Protection Mutual Insurance v. Olsun Electric Co.; Filing date unknown, court in San Francisco, CA, Provided high voltage testing and deposition. Aug. 1998
    • Kathy Bryant v. The Okonite Co. et al; Filed 03/25/96 in State Court of Fulton County, Georgia; Civil Case No. 96VS0111444. Investigation & deposition. June-Aug. 1996
    • Tracy Webb v. The Okonite Co., et al; Filed 03/20/96 in State Court of Fulton County, Georgia; Civil Case No. 96VS0111296. Investigation & deposition. June-Aug. 1996
    • Cheryl Emerson v. UTILX Corp. et al; Filed 08/22/95 in U.S. District Court, Southern District of Texas; Civil Case No. H-95-4189, reviewed and provided opinion
    • Craig Beier v. Commonwealth Edison Co.et al, (Emerson Electric Co. and A.B. Chance Co. as subsidiary of Emerson Electric Co). Investigation & deposition with James T. Ausmus of Ausmus, Ausmus & Beck, Centralia MO, 1978
    • Multiple high voltage/high current tests and investigations of accidents involving utility bucket trucks with insulated booms and other utility related accident testing and reconstruction for clients contracting the laboratory. During employment with A. B. Chance Co. 1971-2001
    • Multiple test programs to defend or support litigation during employment with A. B. Chance Co. 1971-2001

    Consulting Activities

    • International Transmission Co. (ITC), Protective Grounding; Detroit, MI, May 2009
    • Power Delivery Products, test and evaluate German designed faulted circuit indicators, Oct. 2004
    • Altec Industries testing of truck with proximity alarm to evaluate warning device for worker safety, Sept. 2004
    • Red Bud Industries, evaluate latest design of steel splitting machine and conformance with current Australian standards prior to equipment delivery. Sept. 2004
    • Joslyn Hi-Voltage Corp., evaluate circuits and safety aspects of Joslyn constructed high current in-rush conditioning equipment used to test electric utility switches. May 2003
    • Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD), test SMUD company made grounding clamps and assemblies. Clamp failures led to complete equipment replacement. Mar. 2003
    • WARCO, Inc. design/build high voltage divider to be used during insulator manufacturing. Dec. 2002
    • Main.net :: Power Line Communications, Inc. inspect installations of internet equipment coupling homes to electric power lines, Aug. 2002

    Patents Awarded

  • Protective Grounding Jumper Cable Tester and Testing Method, Patent Number 5,631,570, issued May 20, 1997
  • Protective Grounding Jumper Cable Testing Method, Number 5,684,408, issued Nov. 4, 1997
  • Other Awards

    • Raised to IEEE Life Member, based upon length of service and contributions to US national standards development, January 2003
    • Raised to IEEE Senior Member status, based upon technical merit, November 2002
    • IEEE Power Engineering Society 1997 PES Working Group Award, Secretary, Standard Techniques For High Voltage Testing IEEE 4-1995
    • IEEE Power Engineering Society Working Group Award, Outstanding Technical Paper, 1990


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